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Seismic actions, soil settlements and landslides, fluctuations in permafrost layers, accidental loads and reeling may be responsible for large plastic deformations and widespread yielding of pipelines, which may lead to damage or failure, either due to monotonic loading or due to cyclic plastic strain fluctuations of high amplitude and short duration (Ni <~100 cycles).
PDL engineers provided computational fluid dynamics (CFD) consultancy support to the project through the development of validated models using the ANSYS CFX package complete with a customised graphical user interface (GUI) and a sub-modelling approach
Using advanced material models and finite element tools, the present study examines the effect of cyclic loading due to reeling on the mechanical behavior of thick-walled seamless steel pipes. In particular, it examines the effects of reeling on cross-sectional ovalization and the corresponding material anisotropy and, most importantly on pipe resistance against high external pressure and pressurized bending.
Thick-walled steel pipes during their installation in deep-water are subjected to a combination of loading in terms of external pressure, bending and axial tension, which may trigger structural instability due to excessive pipe ovalization with catastrophic effects.
PDL engineers carried out a design and analysis project to develop a compact keypad cover mechanism for a 'drive-up' ATM. The keypad cover was required to conceal a pin code keypad, which under normal use would be superseded by a touch screen. When required, the keypad cover should quickly and reliably retract.
PDL engineers carried out a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis using ANSYS CFX to assess the flow and temperature distribution in a fan and display system incorporated within an ATM to predict and mitigate screen misting.
The behavior of steel pipe junctions (Tees) subjected to strong loading in the presence of internal pressure is examined in the present study. The analysis is based on a set of monotonic and cyclic out-of plane bending tests under constant and increasing amplitude displacement-controlled loading schemes leading to low-cycle fatigue failure.
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